United Nations Interagency Rehabilitation Programme (UNIRP)

Following the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Seven Party Alliance and CPN-Maoists on 21 November 2006, significant efforts have been made to rehabilitate former combatants of the “peoples’ war.” The CPA was followed by the Agreement on Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies (AMMAA), which outlined ways for monitoring arms and armed personnel. This Agreement was signed by the respective parties and witnessed by the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General. AMMAA stipulated that weapons were to be handed in and stored and that combatants to stay in cantonments. Under the guidance of the UN Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT), UNDP and UNICEF conducted the registration and verification of Maoist army personnel in seven main and 21 satellite cantonment sites. This verification process resulted in the identification of 19,602 combatants as members of the PLA and 4,008 combatants as Minors (born after 25 May 1988) or Late Recruits (recruited after 25 May 2006 ceasefire), known as VMLRs.

Latest Updates

Ex-combatant Mukhiya's bicycle workshop...

Former Maoist combatant Mukhiya, 25, chose to undertake one month long rickshaw and bicycle training after he was discharged from Surkhet cantonment as a minor inmore 

Bal Kumari Mahato at her tailoring business. Photo: UNDP Nepal
Bringing out the entrepreneurship in women ex-combatants

Women ex-combatants have excelled in starting up enterprises and are establishing themselves as entrepreneurs with the support from United Nations Inter Agency Rehabilitation Programme (UNIRP), amore 

Phulmati in her beauty parlour. PHOTO: UNDP Nepal
No more weapons, now its scissors for cutting hair..

Phulmati’s beauty parlour business is flourishing in Bardiya, mid-west Nepal. Her earning per day ranges from Rs. 500 to Rs. 4,000. "We cannot predict fixed incomemore 

Combatant turns into an independent entrepreneur
Combatant turns into an independent entrepreneur

September 2010; To date, more than 1,484 men and women, verified minors and late recruits, discharged from Maoist cantonments in February 2010 have opted for themore 

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