Support to Participatory Constitution Building in Nepal (SPCBN)
On 21 November 2006, Nepal’s decade-long armed conflict ended with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA) between the Government and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). A central pillar of the accord is the writing of a new constitution that grants equal rights and opportunities to all Nepalese people. Historically, Nepalese society has been deeply divided along caste and ethnic lines and grievances about political, economic, and social exclusion were at the heart of the conflict.
The April 2008 elections to the Constituent Assembly (CA) resulted in a record number of women, Dalits and Janajati people being elected to make this the most socially inclusive legislative body in Nepal's history. It was recognised from the start that the development of a new constitution to restructure the state and establish a new system of government was a huge challenge given the large size and diversity of the assembly, the limited experience in creating a secular, federal, republican constitution and the difficulties of ensuring adequate people’s participation...Read More
What have we accomplished so far
In 2015, the public consultation component of UNDP’s work led to an increased contribution to the constitution from a wider audience. In run up to the finalization of the constitution, an innovative and cost-effective method of public consultation facilitated by UNDP helped Nepal’s Constituent Assembly reach over 2 million people and draw more than 15,500 comments on the draft constitution within a span of less than two weeks.
These suggestions and comments came via a dedicated website and Facebook page. These contributions were compiled and handed over to the CA for incorporation into the final draft. In parallel, another mechanism was on the ground holding similar community consultations in eight districts engaging local communities.