UNDP in Nepal
UNDP Nepal works with the people and Government of Nepal, and other development partners to pursue equitable and sustainable human development goals through eradication of poverty, increase in livelihood opportunities, improvement in community resilience against conflict, disasters and impact of climate change, while laying down strong foundations for a society based on rule of law with an inclusive and participatory democracy.
WHAT DO WE DO?
UNDP has been supporting the Nepalese people in their struggle against poverty since it opened an in-country office in 1963. Much of this support has gone to building up the capacity of government agencies, civil society and community groups to fight poverty, and to bringing these groups and Nepal's donors together to design and implement successful poverty alleviation projects.
UNDP in Nepal concentrates its efforts for greater impact in the most remote, poor, and/or conflict-affected areas of the Province 2, Karnali Province and Sudurpaschim Province where its rights-based interventions are targeted towards the disadvantaged and vulnerable groups. The UNDP programmes seek opportunities for joint programming with other United Nations organizations and engage in joint planning and monitoring of development activities in selected districts.
UNDP's actions and programmes are defined in its Country Programme Document (CPD 2018-2022) which is aligned with priorities of the Government of Nepal. The CPD is based on the broader United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF 2018-2022).
WHAT DO WE WANT TO ACCOMPLISH?
Currently the overarching priority of our work in Nepal is to help the Government and its people build a lasting peace and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by:
- Fostering Democratic Governance and Rule of Law
- Promoting Inclusive Economic Growth
- Builiding Resilience
Gender and Social Inclusion is a cross-cutting issue in all these areas.
WHAT ARE OUR RESULTS?
Our key results from 2020 are given below in numbers:
- In 2020, UNDP’s COVID-19 livelihoods recovery interventions rolled out immediately after the COVID 19 pandemic started disrupting lives benefitted over 150,000 people and led to creation of over 12,000 entrepreneurs across the country.
- All of UNDP’s COVID responses were informed by its own study report - “Rapid assessment of socioeconomic impact of COVID-19”. The report also informed other UN agencies and GON’s recovery programs in 2020/21 national budget. Nepal introduced schemes to generate employment for poor and disadvantaged people and with UNDP’s technical support, the government expanded the Micro Enterprise Development for Poverty Alleviation (MEDPA) programme in all 753 local governments with major budgetary support ($19 million) from the national treasury, almost double last year’s.
- UNDP projects supported another 19,911 micro-entrepreneurs (22,452 full-time jobs and 60% of them women). UNDP’s policy support led to publication of National Human Development Report 2020, and finalization of costing and financing framework of the 15th Plan.
- 19,331 farmers (9,931 women) gained enhanced access to markets with support for collection centres, mobile market and transportation facilities which also included 28 pick trucks. The farmers sold 8,590 tons of fruits and vegetables worth $1,655,290. Another 2,200 farmers (61% women) benefited from support in agriculture productivity-enhancing inputs and harvest management.
- UNDP provided technical and financial support in applying an SDG lens to its development policies and plans, including through preparation and the progress report on SDGs, 15th Plan costing and financing framework. UNDP continued to support provincial governments to prepare their SDG baseline reports.
- One of UNDP’s most significant tasks is to promote democratic governance. That includes supporting the country’s new federal structures. In 2020, we continued to work closely with institutions, think-tanks and civil society to strengthen and boost governance, notably through the federal Parliament, the National Planning Commission, provincial government and municipalities.
- All 753 local governments and offices of provincial governments & assemblies equipped with videoconferencing facility immediately after COVID-19 lockdown started hampering smooth functioning of the government offices. Video conferencing facilities helped provincial parliaments to carry out 17+ oversights of districts’ COVID & flood responses.
- Over 10,000 people, mostly women and vulnerable people, received preventive and remedial legal aid services (in-person and online counseling, legal information, legal aid and legal representation) through legal aid committees supported by UNDP.
- Over 11,445 (6,517 women) benefited from legal awareness on newly adopted civil and criminal codes and the Judicial Committee (JC) established at the community level.
- 365 MPs (51% of women) enhanced their capacity on effective representation, lawmaking and oversights through a series of orientations and mentoring sessions on themes such as the multidimensional poverty index, SDGs and their relevance in the context of Nepal federal structure.
- Helped National Human Rights Commission mobilize human rights networks (85 watchdogs and 450 rights monitors) across the country for human rights monitoring during the COVI-19 pandemic.
- 200 journalists (90 women) built knowledge on federal processes and procedures, parliamentary affairs and relationships with the media
- Green recovery was one of the areas of major focus for UNDP in 2020. In line with the UN Socio-economic Recovery Framework, UNDP supported 20 local governments in implementing green livelihood recovery projects to generate immediate employment and support long-term recovery. It mobilized 60 youth volunteers to help identify green business ideas, funded by local government.
- UNDP’s support in risk analysis and expert mobilization resulted in the development of e-NDC (nationally determined contributions under Paris Agreement on Climate Change) to make Nepal a zero-carbon economy by 2050, and helped formulate risk profiles at provincial and local levels. These activities have also enhanced national and subnational governments’ understanding and knowledge of disaster risk reduction and adapting to climate change.
- Seven provinces and 16 municipalities implemented DRR policy and strategic action plans by increasing resources for DRR and response, risk mitigation and piloting risk insurance. These activities supported provincial and local governments in enhancing their understanding and knowledge of DRR and climate change adaptation.
- UNDP invested in building the capacity of national institutions to access climate finance, promoting renewable and affordable energy for people living in rural areas, implementing national commitments under the Sustainable Development Goals, and monitoring the progress and providing technical support in formulating policies on financing biodiversity conservation. A significant part of the resources were invested in helping local government prepare for, respond to and recover from the COVID-19 pandemic.
- UNDP jointly with ICIMOD, published a research-based Inventory of Glacial Lakes in Nepal, India and Tibet Autonomous Region of China to inform risk mitigation and adaptation plans, including future glacial lake lowering interventions.
- We supported more than 1,000 mostly poor and vulnerable households in Gorkha in constructing quake-resilient homes through hands-on technical and administrative support, including the design of house maps and accessing housing grants. Since 2018, UNDP’s Nepal Housing Reconstruction Project (funded by India) has helped 25,100 earthquake-affected households to construct safe homes.
- 5,500 person-days of masons’ training were conducted in Gorkha to build the capacity of the local masons in, among other things, earthquake-resilient construction, correction and retrofitting, extension, and alternative technologies.
- Over 7,000 trees, including fruit trees, were planted in and around quarantine facilities across the country.
- UNDP’s Accelerator Lab also explored innovative solutions to some of the pressing development challenges, including waste management, recycling, urban open space and sustainability mobility. The Lab engaged Nepal’s young engineers to design and deploy useful robots in some of the important hospitals dealing with COVID-19 in Kathmandu and Butwal.
*UNDP supports the Government and people of Nepal in collaboration with other development partners. All the numbers presented here are part of either government-led and UNDP supported projects or projects directly implemented by UNDP in collaboration with other development partners.
Human Development Index 2020
Per capita income GNI (in USD)
Under five mortality (per thousand)
Adult Literacy rate
Youth population (16 to 40 years of age)
Access to electricity