United Nations Interagency Rehabilitation Programme (UNIRP)

Following the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Seven Party Alliance and CPN-Maoists on 21 November 2006, significant efforts have been made to rehabilitate former combatants of the “peoples’ war.” The CPA was followed by the Agreement on Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies (AMMAA), which outlined ways for monitoring arms and armed personnel. This Agreement was signed by the respective parties and witnessed by the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General. AMMAA stipulated that weapons were to be handed in and stored and that combatants to stay in cantonments. Under the guidance of the UN Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT), UNDP and UNICEF conducted the registration and verification of Maoist army personnel in seven main and 21 satellite cantonment sites. This verification process resulted in the identification of 19,602 combatants as members of the PLA and 4,008 combatants as Minors (born after 25 May 1988) or Late Recruits (recruited after 25 May 2006 ceasefire), known as VMLRs.

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