Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF-SGP)
||Biodiversity Conservation, Climate Change, Land Degradation, International Waters and Chemicals
||Civil society organizations and community based organizations
||Global Environment Facility
GEF Small Grants Programme works with local communities in developing countries, including Nepal, to achieve global environmental benefits by addressing their local needs. The programme provides grants upto US$ 50,000 to civil socieity organisations or community-based organisation for initiatives geared at conservation of biodiversity, mitigation of climate change, reduction of land degradation, protection of international waters and elimination of hazardous chemicals.
It is local communities in the developing world that are often the first to feel the effects of environmental degradation and climate change. The realization that they are at the forefront of efforts to prevent and reverse damage to the environment led to the setting up of the Global Environment Facility's Small Grants Programme in 1992. The programme was started following the Rio Earth Summit and has so far given out 14,500 grants to local initiatives to conserve the environment in 125 developing countries.
Since it was set up in 1996, the Nepal Small Grants Programme has funded 218 local initiatives for environmental conservation. This number includes 70 biodiversity conservation projects, 62 climate change mitigation projects, 43 projects to reverse land degradation, 17 capacity building and awareness raising projects, 11 international waters projects and four projects to phase out chemicals. Liekwise SGP had also implemented seven Community Development and Knowledge Management for Satoyama Initiatives (COMDEKS) project for nature conservation at landscape level and four Every Drop Matters projects for water conservation. These projects have all involved local communities in conserving their local natural resources in ways that enhance human well-being and livelihoods and deliver global environmental benefits.
Importance of the project for the SDGs
The Nepal Small Grants Programme primarily contributes to Goal 7: Ensure Access to Affordable, Reliable, Sustainable and Modern Energy to All; Goal 13: Take Urgent Action to Combat Climate Change and its Impacts; and Goal 15: Protect, Restore and Promote Sustainable Use of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Sustainably Manage Forests, Combat Desertification and Halt and Reverse Land Degradation and Biodiversity Loss. But the diverse nature of SGP projects means that it was also able to contribute to other Goals through its multi-faceted interventions, such as Goal 2: End Hunger, Achieve Food Security and Improved Nutrition and Promote Sustainable Agriculture; Goal 5: Achieve Gender Equality and Empower All Women and Girls; and Goal 11: Make Cities and Human Settlements Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable.
What have we accomplished so far?
- Conservation and sustainable use of 5,293 hectares of 5 biodiverse midhill forests, including Panchase, Kankrebihar, Patana, Tinjure Milke Jaljale and Gwalek; and 3,450 hectares of 12 wetlands, including Jagadispur, Ajingara, Bishazar, Rupa, Kupinde Daha, Brija, Gajedi, Taudaha, Betna, Satyabati, Charinge , and Jakhera Lake.
- Conservation of more than 2,900 hectares of sloping land through SALT technology, and planting of over 5.3 million plants majority including broomgrass (4.5M) benefitting 5,800 households
- Installation of bio-gas, solar home and micro hydro systems, as well as solar tukis, rice husk stoves, Puxing biogas and ICSs—saving altogether 16,422 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year. Also piloted and successfully replicated Matribhumui Improved Cook Stove, Rice Husk Stove, Stainless Still Distilation Unit and Cardamom dryer.
- Support in formulation of vulture conservation action plan 2009-2013, declaration of 40 districts as Diclofenac-free areas and establishing community-managed vulture restaurants
- Successful advocacy towards banning the registration of Endosulfan in Nepal
- Contribution to ban import, purchase and use of mercury-based equipment in health sector effective from July 15, 2013
- Successful demonstration of Hosptial Waste management in 3 hospitals and 5 health posts.
- Initiation of carp—a small Indigenous Fish Specieis (SIS)--polyculture in over 243 ponds in 5 districts
- SGP grantees and project staff won 40 awards including 10 prestigious global awards: Tech Museum Award to Babu Raja Shrestha (Project Team Leader, CRE on dissemination of Solar Tuki Lamp) in 2005; Ryotaro Hashimoto APFED award (Gold Prize) to MDI in 2008; UNEP Sasakawa Prize to MDI in 2010; UNEP EPLC excellency award to MDI in 2010, Stockholm PEN (PCB Elimination Network) Award to CEPHED in 2011; SEED Gender Equality Award to WEPCO Nepal in 2011; Certificate of HONORABLE MENTION from The Green Star Award 2013 to CEPHED Equator Initiative Award to AID Nepal in 2014; Solution Search Farming for Biodiveristy Judges Choice Award in 2016 and Birdlife Hero Award DB Chaudhary (project staff) in 2017.
- Generation of cofounding worth US$ 8.1 million
Gender Equality and Social Inclusion
· Out of 218 projects, 33 were implemented by woman team leaders or chairpersons
· 13 projects were implemented by organizations of indigenous groups. GEF-SGP has closely worked with indigenous peoples with the intent of helping to conserve their cultural heritage associated with environment conservation, including Sherpa culture in Khumbu region, improving slash-and-burn farming by Chepangs and Tamangs, balancing nomadic culture of Rautes and their association with forests, conserving fish and dolphin by Majhis and Rajis, improving the workspaces of Bishworkarmas and conserving indigenous medicinal practices of Tharu Gurubas and Amchsi (traditional medical practitioners)