Community Infrastructure and Livelihood Recovery Programme (CILRP)
||June 2015 to June 2017
||Dhading, Dolakha, Kavre, Nuwakot, Rasuwa and Sindhupalchowk
||Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Supplies, Government of Nepal
||Non-government organizations and community-based organizations
||Government of Mauritius, International Medical Corps, Bridgehead Limited and UNDP
The two major earthquakes in Nepal on 25 April and 12 May 2015, combined with hundreds of powerful aftershocks, ravaged most of Nepal’s Central and Western Regions. Hundreds of thousands of people, especially in rural areas—already living with limited access to public services—lost their jobs and livelihood options.
Disasters triggered by the earthquakes caused substantive damage to community infrastructures, including buildings, roads, bridges, trails and market facilities, irrigation canals, micro-hydro plants and water schemes. The damaged infrastructures became almost non-operational, prompting the risk of migration for affected communities.
Rehabilitation of these infrastructures was therefore seen as being critical to provide livelihood opportunities and basic services to the quake-affected. At the same time, it was also important to restore the livelihoods of vulnerable communities to enable their long-term recovery.
Assisted by the Government of Mauritius, the Community Infrastructure and Livelihood Recovery Programme (CILRP) is an early recovery initiative of UNDP to support the people affected by the 2015 earthquakes. The project carries a successful legacy of implementing an integrated community focused programme in three Tarai districts from 2009 to 2015. During this period, it empowered 27,202 ultra-poor and marginalized households of which 96% of the beneficiaries were women and 62% of them, disadvantaged Dalits.
Building on the livelihood recovery experience in the Tarai, the project started working in five of the districts most affected in the earthquakes: Sindhupalchowk, Dolakha, Kavre, Nuwakot and Rasuwa. The earthquake was the most severe experienced by Nepal in the past 82 years. It caused substantive damage to community infrastructures and ruffled livelihood, triggering the risk of migration for several communities. Rehabilitation of community infrastructures and restoration of livelihoods are critical to provide livelihood opportunities and basic services to the people and assist their long-term recovery needs.
Work on the reconstruction of productive community infrastructures and implementation of livelihood promotion activities has generated short-term employment and empowered communities' resilience to disasters; ultimately preventing them from falling into poverty.
· Community-led decision-making and implementation
· Community empowerment through cash-for-work
· Strong partnership and collaboration with government agencies and NGOs to respond to recovery needs
· Enhancement of community resilience and recovery capacity
· Gender equality and social inclusion at all levels of project
· Documentation of learnings in early recovery efforts
What have we accomplished so far?
Restored 134 community infrastructures such as irrigation canals, collection/market centres, drinking water schemes and agrcultural roads, among others, benefitting 10,788 households in six earthquake-hit districts: Dhading, Dolakha, Gorkha, Nuwakot, Rasuwa and Sindhupalchowk.
· 41 community buildings built/rehabilitated, benefitting 7,612 households
· 75 water systems built/rehabilitated, benefitting 5,597 households
· 16 eco-tourism infrastructures built/rehabilitated, benefitting 1,329 households
· 101 irrigation systems built/rehabilitated, benefitting 10,713 households
· 8 market sheds built/rehabilitated, benefitting 3,229 households
· 16 rural energy/microhydro systems built/rehabilitated, benefitting 3,013 households
· 13 rural roads built/rehabilitated, benefitting 1,375 households
· 31 commercialization and market interventions, benefitting 4,864 households
· 61 improved technology interventions, benefitting 9,782 households
· 33 skill development and production enhancement interventions, benefitting 3,623 households
Gender Equality and Social Inclusion
· Generated short-term employment to make communities resilient to disasters and prevent them from falling into poverty
· Provided 15,664 person days of employment for women, supported 4,483 single-headed households, and 3,179 differently-abled persons through its activities and interventions
· Reduced women’s drudgery and created livelihood opportunities
· Diversified livelihood through multiple use of water (vegetable farming, livestock raising and building houses)