Nineteen more bird species in MohanaKailali Corridor
19 new bird species, including the Asian Paradise-flycatcher, Himalayan Bulbul, and Large Cuckooshrike, were recorded in the MohanaKailali Corridor in the western Terai (plains) of Nepal, increasing the total count to 111 from 92 species in June 2011 . Mr. DayaramChaudhari, a local expert on birds, and his team assessed bird life in the corridor in May and June of 2012. The assessment was coordinated by the MohanaKailali Community Forests Coordination Committee.
The MohanaKailali Corridor links the Dudhawa Tiger Reserve of India and the Chure forest of Nepal. Mr. Raj Bahadur Ayir, Chairperson of MohanaKailali Community Forests Coordination Committee, said that the movement of birds and other wildlife within the corridor has been gradually increasing in the last few years. UNDP’s Western Terai Landscape Complex Project (WTLCP) has had important roles to play in this.
WTLCP has been working since 2006 to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of globally significant biodiversity in Nepal’s Western Terai Landscape Complex. Work on the challenging task of bringing together government agencies, local people and non-governmental expertise to sustain the area's biodiversity in tandem with meeting local people's needs is on-going.
WTLCP has supported the efforts of the local community in converting the barren river bank of the Mohana river into community forests. It has provided support through plantation activities, implementing grazing control measures, income generation works, and river bank protection works. Furthermore, in order to reduce the demand for firewood, WTLCP has supported the installation of toilet-attached biogas systems in875 households located in this critical area.
As a result there is 877 hectare of good forest in the eastern bank of Mohana river, which is more commonly known as MohanaKailali Forest Corridor. Before WTLCP’s intervention, approximately 200 hectares out of this was barren land and most of the remaining land was degraded forest.
Nearly 27,000 people of 4221 households of the area, organized into 23 community forest users’ groups have been managing this forest corridor. WTLCP has supported in the formation of some of these groups, and has also supported to form their umbrella organization called MohanaKailali Community Forests Coordination Committee.