Enabling Communities to Manage Water Induced Disaster Risks
Bringing government departments in closer collaboration around the issues of disaster management and soil conservation can help safeguard livelihoods and contribute to more effective government investments in Nepal. Given its unique topography, linking upstream communities at risk from deforestation and landslides to the downstream communities who bear the brunt of resulting flash flooding can help foster a more holistic and cost effective strategies for reducing disaster risk.
UNDP’s Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme (CDRMP) has been working with the Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention (DWIDP) and Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management (DSCWM) to provide micro-captial grants and capacity development support to four high-risk VDCs in Nawalparasi district.
From 11-13 June, CDRMP organized a training workshop to help communities to understand their risk and develop a joint upstream-downstream masterplan in partnership with the Government. A field trip to neighbouring Girubari Watershed allowed government and community members to observe a successful community project that combined agro-forestry and disaster risk management components, and to look at how this could be replicated in their watershed. Causes, solutions and management of floods, landslides and debris flow, hazard risk management at watershed area level, bio-engineering disaster control techniques, as well as government policies and activities related to water induced disasters risk management were the major topics discussed in the training. Presence of Nawalparasi Chief District Officer, heads of District Red cross and line agencies at the closing session of the training also enabled participants to put their problem directly to the concerned agencies.
24 participants from from vulnerable communities residing in four VDCs, 50% of whom were women benefitted from the training. Participants ranged in age from 18-65. UNDP plans to organize similar training to the communities of Bara districts in July.