Community mediation to resolve disputes
The formal justice system in Nepal suffers from several drawbacks. It is cumbersome, time consuming and expensive, leaving behind a major portion of the marginalized and poor people, deprived from getting access to justice.
In order to enhance people's access to justice, UNDP Enhancing Access to Justice Project has established Community Mediation Centers in the four districts of Nepal - Kailali, Surkhet, Dang and Udaypur. The community mediation initiatives are implemented in 4 villages and 1 municipality of each district.
In community mediation, the disputants get the right to engage in the settlement of their disputes through negotiation with facilitation of trained mediators.
Community mediation guarantees an easy access to justice for all, especially the marginalized communities. The process is cost effective, informal and the disputing parties can ensure their participation without any hesitation.
The mediation centers formed in these four districts received 103 cases during the period between September-November 2009.
Out of which, 73 cases have been resolved. The cases are mainly on partition, family disputes, defamation, transaction, land disputes, house rent and domestic violence.