OUR FOCUS

Poverty reduction

Pov_InDepth
UNDP's recovery support has enabled micro entrepreneurs in Nepal's Ramechhap rise from the rubble left behind by the devastating earthquakes of 2015. Photo: UNDP Nepal

In depth

Nepal has made successful strides in reducing poverty from 25.2 percent in 2011 to 21.6 percent in 2015. The remittances sent by Nepali migrant workers has played an instrumental role in slashing the poverty figures. An estimated 5 million Nepalis are working abroad as migrant workers. But the numbers belie a harsh reality: they come at high social costs and are ultimately unsustainable if not managed properly.

Huge disparities and inequalities between regions and social groups exist. For example, access to sanitation is, according to Census 2011, approximately 21 percent in Saptari and Siraha districts, compared to over 95 per cent in Kaski and Bhaktapur. Sanitation coverage in urban areas is 91 percent, while the number drops to 55 percent in rural areas, with less than 10 percent coverage among the Madhesis and Dalits.

While making significant progress, Nepal fell short of meeting all targets under Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the end of 2015. In terms of poverty reduction, the failure to “achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people,” was notable. The massive earthquake in April 2015 further undermined efforts to reduce poverty by taking lives of thousands, destroying public and private infrastructures worth billions of dollars. An estimated additional 700,000 people were pushed back to poverty, while thousands more lost their livelihood opportunities for decent living.

The underdevelopment of Nepal’s trade and industry, the low volume of exports, low agricultural productivity, lack of access to affordable credit and the weak law and order situation all contribute to the lack of good employment opportunities and the relative weakness of Nepal’s economy.

UNDP is committed to supporting Nepal in achieving all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030, including ending poverty.

Explore more

A visiting delegation of Swedish parliamentarians have commended Nepal for its progress on promoting…

A look at some of UNDP Nepal's interventions pertaining to poverty reduction, part of UNDP's…

Mayor of Birendranagar Municipality has assured the commitment of local governments across the…

Nationwide policy deliberations as well as political commitment is vital to ensure effective…

Stakeholders at a workshop organized to discuss technical and vocational education and training in…

In a panel interview recently broadcasted on Sagarmatha Television's Rupantaran program Technical…

Once a cobbler on the streets of Rajbiraj, Kari Ram now runs a successful shoe-making enterprise—a…

As part of its efforts to help earthquake-affected communities in Nepal recover their livelihoods,…

MEDEP-supported cooperatives have given entrepreneurs across Nepal, women in particular, the chance…

Sunti Purja is among the many female entrepreneurs who—despite having little to no formal…

How the support of UNDP’s Micro-Enterprise Development Programme offered an entrepreneur in Parbat…

A number of micro-entrepreneurs supported by UNDP’s Micro-Enterprise Development Programme have…

This report, prepared by the National Planning Commission with UNDP support, takes stock of Nepal’s…

This Comprehensive TVET Annual Report 2072/73—a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Education,…

This report captures UNDP’s innovation journey in Asia and the Pacific. The nine stories from the…

Two-pager highlighting the bold actions being taken to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals in…

This UNDP report showcases 10 projects that are transforming the course of development in the…

The 2016 Human Development Report focuses on how human development can be ensured for everyone—now…

UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Nepal 
Go to UNDP Global