OUR FOCUS

Poverty reduction

Overview

Nepal has made successful strides in reducing poverty from 25.2 percent in 2011 to 21.6 percent in 2015. But these numbers belie a harsh reality: huge disparities and inequalities persist between regions and social groups. Underdeveloped trade and industry, low agricultural productivity, and lack of access to affordable credit are among the key factors contributing to high unemployment rates and the relative weakness of Nepal’s economy. The massive earthquake in April 2015 further undermined efforts to reduce poverty by taking lives of thousands, and destroying public and private infrastructures worth billions of dollars. 

Our goals

Nepal has tremendous potential for development and subsequent job creation through sustainable use of natural resource-based enterprises in the rural areas, where 80 percent of the population lives. However, lack of awareness, education and skills to utilize existing resources continues to perpetuate underemployment and underdevelopment. Nepal also has vast hydro potential, yet 30 percent of its population has no access to electricity. To help address challenges and tap opportunities, UNDP’s work in Nepal on poverty and sustainable development has been designed around three broad pillars: employment creation, access to energy and policy support in pro-poor development planning and monitoring.

Over 118,800 people

in Nepal's rural areas

have been helped by UNDP to establish enterprises in the last two decades, which has further resulted in the creation of more than 190,000 jobs.

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