Eight Goals for 2015
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges. The MDGs are drawn from the actions and targets contained in theMillennium Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations-and signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000.
The eight MDGs break down into 21 quantifiable targets that are measured by 60 indicators.
Where Nepal stands in terms of achieving the MDGs
As Nepal MDGs Progress Report 2013 points out, the Government of Nepal’s commitment to achieving the MDGs, coupled with required policy reforms has borne fruit. Nepal is on track and is likely to achieve most of its MDG targets, despite the prolonged political instability. The targets for poverty reduction, maternal mortality, and boys and girls enrollment in primary education are either achieved or likely to be achieved. Even in areas where Nepal is lagging behind, particularly in sanitation, it has already internalized an acceleration framework in the form of the MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF) to mobilize adequate resources to expedite progress by 2015.
|Likelihood of achievement||Status of supportive environment
|Goal||Achieved||Likely||Potentially Likely||Unlikely||Lack of data||Strong||Fair||Weak but Improving||Weak|
|1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
|1 (a) Reduce extreme poverty by half
|1 (b) Full and productive employment for all
|1 (c) Reduce extreme hunger
|2 Achieve universal primary education
|3 Gender equality and empowerment of women
|4 Reduce child mortality
|5 Improve maternal health
|5 (a) Reduce maternal mortality by three quarters||√||√|
|5 (b) Achieve universal access to reproductive
|6 Combat HIV/AIDS , malaria, and TB
|6 (a) Have halted and begun to reverse the
spread of HIV/AIDS
|6 (b) Achieve universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS||√||√|
|6 (c) Have halted and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other diseases||√||√|
|7. Ensure environmental sustainability|
|7 (a) Reverse loss of forest
|7 (b) Reduce Biodiversity Loss||√||√|
|7 (c) Halve proportion of people without
|7 (d) Improve lives of slum dwellers||√||√|
Role of UNDP and the UN system in Nepal
UN's technical support in MDGs needs assessment exercise, preparation of the MDGs progress report 2010 and training to government officials on MDG consistent macro economic framework has contributed to integrate MDGs into the Government's Three-Year Plan 2010/11-2013/14.
UNDP and the other UN agencies in Nepal are actively supporting the Government in fulfilling its commitment to the MDGs. The Local Governance and Community Development Program (LGCDP), a large-scale joint programme of UNDP, UNCDF, UNICEF, UNFPA, UN Women and UNV on effective service delivery at the local level has been in operation since 2009 which will help create enabling environment at local level in achieving MDGs. UN agencies are also supporting the government in implementing various programs on the ground in the area of poverty reduction and employment creation (goal 1), education (goal 2), health (goal 4 and 5), combating HIV/AIDS (goal 6), women empowerment (goal 3) and environment sustainability (goal 6) . In addition, the UN is also supporting in developing the capacity of government in mainstreaming MDGs in its planning and monitoring since 2002 with the introduction of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. Together with the Regional Offices of UNDP, UNICEF, and UNFPA, the agencies have helped to conduct training on MDGs needs assessment and costing to the relevant government staff who are involved in preparing Three Year Plan. To help government of Nepal to accelerate off track MDGs, UN is also supporting prepare MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF) in the area of sanitation.
The Millennium Development Goals in the current Three Year Plan (2010/11 -2013/14)
Upon the request of the government of Nepal, the UN country team helped prepare and finalize the Approach Paper of the Three year Plan (2010/2011-2013/2014). UNDP provided additional technical support in drafting and finalizing the full plan document. A number of initiatives were supported in a timely manner to make this plan MDG based. While MDG progress report provided a comprehensive picture towards achieving MDGs which severed as a baseline for this plan, MDG needs assessment exercise that took place under the leadership of the National Planning Commission and with the involvement of all development ministries helped to identify concrete strategies and resources needs to achieve MDGs by 2015. Policies and strategies suggested in the MDG needs assessment report are included in Three Year Plan. In order to ensure that MDGs are also integrating in programing and budgeting mechanism, government of Nepal has included "the achievement of MDGs" as one of the project prioritization criteria in the budget preparation process.
UNDP Nepal in partnership with the National Planning Commission has been supporting in tracking progress on various MDG goals, integrating MDGs into national plans and planning process. Three MDG progress reports, two MDG needs assessment report and one MDG consistent macroeconomic model have been published, in addition to various other advocacy and capacity building measures.