PPP makes a headway in solid waste management

Ramnagar Community Compost and Recycling Plant in Butwal
Ramnagar Community Compost and Recycling Plant in Butwal. Photo: UNDP Nepal

The green (bio-degradable) waste proportion is almost 70% of the total waste generated in the densely populated cities of Nepal. Finding a space to dump the wastes has become almost impossible. People resist having dumping sites or landfill space nearby their living area due to the unhygienic way of dumping and bad odour in the surrounding area. Though many houses have adopted a system of dumping these organic wastes in their own garden, it is not always well managed due to space problem in urban areas.

The construction of compost plants in the four Municipalities of Nepal- Biratnagar, Butwal, Dhangadi and Hetauda has proven to be a boon for the cities, a win-win situation for both the Municipality and the local community.  The enormous task of managing this organic waste has been possible through UNDP’s Public Private Partnership for Urban Environment (PPPUE) project.


  • The project has supported its partner municipalities to implement 88 Public Private Partnership projects.
  • Towards capacity building, over 6,000 persons have been trained by the project.

Ramnagar Community Compost and Recycling Plant in Butwal (mid-west Nepal) serves four neighbourhoods in terms of composting wastes. The plant was constructed with joint funding of  the Municipality, PPPUE and the local community. The PPPUE project provided seed grant support of Rs. 526,876 for the construction while the local community took the lead to oversee the construction of the plant.

Everyday about 300 kgs of waste collected from households is brought to the plant; the biodegradable waste is retrieved and composted while the non-degradable portion of the waste is disposed off through the Municipality’s trucks and tractors. Per week, the plant on average produces about 300 to 400 kgs of compost manure.

The waste collection and plant operation are handled by Marigold Concern, a local private operator. Ek Bahadur Gurung, the proprietor speaks proudly about his company’s work— “We currently serve 400 households in four neighbourhoods. We are having a dialogue with the Municipality to improve the transportation system to cater to 200 more households.  Our work in waste management is directly benefitting the community, we are providing employment as well as making some income from this,” he says.

UNDP’s PPPUE project has been providing technical support to Municipalities to facilitate partnership process with the private sector and the local beneficiaries. This intervention has been highly successful to improve urban service delivery and the Municipalities are getting a good return with less work burden on themselves.

UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Nepal 
Go to UNDP Global