Nepal is at a critical juncture of its political transition process. With the constitution promulgated in September 2015 making federalism a key feature of the new Nepal, the country is looking at a unique opportunity for ushering in a new era of governance—transforming the existing institutions while overcoming their deficits in democratic governance and service-oriented public administration. The Constitution is an outcome of the 10-years long Maoist insurgency (1996-2006), People’s Movement II, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2006 and the Madhes Movement 2007. The Constitution has envisaged the federal form of governance with three levels of government: federal, provincial and local, and defines their powers and authorities. UNDP approaches to governance programmes is working at three levels: process, mechanism and outcome. Process refers to the quality of participation necessary “to ensure that political, social and economic priorities are based on a broad consensus in society and that the voices of the excluded, poorest and most vulnerable are heard in decision-making.” Mechanisms of governance include transparent, democratic institutions. The outcomes of good governance include ‘peaceful, stable and resilient societies, where services are delivered and reflect the needs of communities, including the voices of the most vulnerable and marginalized’. UNDP ensures inclusive and effective democratic governance by advocating, advising, fostering impartial spaces for dialogue, achieving consensus and building institutions with the ultimate goal of bringing effective and equitable delivery of service to citizens and reinforcing the rule of law and citizen security. To this end, UNDP helps create an enabling environment for all social partners, including civil societies, to grow in strength and contribute towards national development. Also, UNDP assists in bridging the gap between humanitarian, peacebuilding and longer-term development efforts, helping countries in peaceful settlement of disputes and progress towards democratic governance.
The overall goal of UNDP governance programme is “to promote the democratic governance to deliver effective and equitable public services and establish peaceful society with a strong social cohesion”. Outcomes: The key outcomes envisaged are; Promotion of democratic governance to deliver effective and equitable public services and establish peaceful society with a strong social cohesion.more
Projects and Initiatives
Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) is a national programme with an over-arching goal to contribute towards poverty reduction through inclusive, responsive and accountable local governance and participatory community-led development. LGCDP is executed by the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development with technical and financial assistance of development partners. This is a national programme framework for improvement in local governance system and community development.more
Following the successful completion of the second Constituent Assembly Elections in November 2013, building on the accomplished peace milestones, like the integration of the former combatants and clearing known minefields, as Nepal moves ahead to consolidate peace and development gains, the task of violence prevention and strengthening community security in a selection of districts, identified as “hotspots” demands due attention.more