Development Advocate Blog

      • Disaster proofing micro-enterprise

        26 Jun 2014

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        Enterprise Development Facilitators working with entrepreneurs to complete a seasonal calendar of natural hazards

        When we talk about disaster risk management we so rarely talk about how to help safeguard small businesses from the impacts of disaster Charikot, 21 June 2014 – When a disaster happens we find ourselves measuring its impact in lives. What is often not considered is the toll it has taken on the livelihoods of those that survive, and the resultant significant and widespread human suffering that will ripple through the economy of municipality, a region, or even an entire nation. The Ministry of Home Affairs Nepal estimates, in 2013 alone, that the country suffered NRs. 342,592,782 of direct losses as a result of disaster – approximately 2 percent of total GDP. In developing countries an average of 80 percent of the economy is comprised of small, medium and micro-enterprises. Nepal is no exception. Yet when we talk about disaster risk management we so rarely talk about how to help safeguard these small businesses from the impacts of disaster. Disasters are responsible for destroying land, crops, livestock, buildings, equipment, supply chains, and other assets every year, contributing to the impoverishment of many who may lose everything. The impact of disaster in Nepal acts as a detractor from long-term poverty alleviation andRead More

      • Affordable Measures

        02 Dec 2013

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        Tsho Rolpa Glacial Lake, one of the lakes potentially dangerous for GLOF. Photo by Deepak KC / UNDP Nepal

        GLOF risk reduction effort should focus on innovating affordable community-led measures Shoko Noda The Hindu Kush Himalayan region in Asia is home to over 200 million people. In addition over a billion people downstream depend on the rivers and waterways that are fed by these glaciers. As the impacts of climate change become apparent, glaciers in these mountain ranges appear increasingly vulnerable to changing climactic conditions. Loss of glaciers means loss of critical storehouse of freshwater for future generations. It also means an increase in the glacial related disasters, such as glacial lake outbursts floods (GLOFs). Thousands of glacial lakes have already been formed behind the thinning and unstable ice dams. The sudden collapse of such dams can cause catastrophic floods that destroy lives, forests, property, farms and infrastructure. The devastating power of GLOFs can reach hundreds of kilometers downstream uprooting communities and infrastructure in their wake. Even large scale international assistance may not be adequate to address the enormous scope of the challenge. There are over 20,000 glacial lakes in the Himalayas and in Nepal alone 3 are considered to be in potentially dangerous state, according to a 2009 study by International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). As theRead More

      • Nepal in the booming South

        15 Mar 2013

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        As development experts would tell you, there is no theory of development as such, but only of underdevelopment. Experts can explain why certain countries have failed to develop, but they can not necessarily prescribe a definitive development path that can lead country X or Y to prosperity. As the rise of the countries in the global South who have adopted different models than that of traditional welfare state in the North shows, there is no one size fits all solution. Each country, including Nepal, has to find its own way. The Global Human Development Report 2013 which was released late yesterday in Mexico endorses this view of multiple development paths and paints a very hopeful picture of the state of global development. It hails the rise of the South and documents key interventions that have allowed the region to grow rapidly. The Report observes that the economic growth of developing countries is influencing global financial architecture by introducing indirect competition and pressuring traditional donors—away from the terms set by ‘Washington consensus’—to pay greater attention to the needs of the developing countries.  “Overall, the rise of the South is infusing new patterns of resource accumulation into the global financial system and buildingRead More