UNDP and the UN System
UNDP in Nepal supports the peace-building process as well as the Government of Nepal in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It does so through a set of projected development results developed under the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF 2013-2017) at the core of which is peace and development for an inclusive society.
UNDAF (2013-2017) and UNDP Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP)
UN agencies continued to provide support to the constitution drafting process to ensure that it is inclusive, representative and in line with fundamental rights enshrined in international treaties. Coordinated technical assistance and advocacy were provided in the areas of gender, social inclusion, human rights, youth, children and citizenship. The UNCT also advocated for women's active participation in the Constitutional Assembly (CA).
UNDP supports the UN system in building capacity towards the attainment of MDGs
UN's technical support in MDGs needs assessment exercise, preparation of the MDGs progress report 2010 and training to government officials on MDG consistent macro economic framework has contributed to integrate MDGs into the Government's Three-Year Plan 2010-2013.
UNDP and the other UN agencies in Nepal are actively supporting the Government in fulfilling its commitment to the MDGs. The Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP), a large-scale joint programme of UNDP, UNCDF, UNICEF, UNFPA, UN Women and UNV on effective service delivery at the local level has been in operation since 2009.
The UN agencies are also supporting the government in implementing various programmes on the ground in the area of poverty reduction and employment creation (goal 1), education (goal 2), health (goal 4 and 5), combating HIV/AIDS (goal 6), women empowerment (goal 3) and environment sustainability (goal 6) . In addition, the UN is supporting in developing the capacity of government in mainstreaming MDGs in its planning and monitoring since 2002 with the introduction of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. Together with the Regional Offices of UNDP, UNICEF, and UNFPA, the agencies have helped to conduct training on MDGs needs assessment and costing to the relevant government staff who are involved in preparing Three Year Plan. To help government of Nepal to accelerate off track MDGs, UN is also supporting to roll out MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF) - in Nepal.
Upon the request of the government of Nepal, the UN country team helped prepare and finalize the Approach Paper of the Three year Plan (2010/2011-2012/2013). UNDP provided additional technical support in drafting and finalizing the full plan document. A number of initiatives were supported in a timely manner to make this plan MDGs based. While MDGs progress report provided a comprehensive picture towards achieving MDGs which severed as a baseline for this plan, MDG needs assessment exercise that took place under the leadership of the National Planning Commission and with the involvement of all development ministries helped to identify concrete strategies and resources needs to achieve MDGs by 2015. Policies and strategies suggested in the MDG needs assessment report are included in Three Year Plan.
In order to ensure that MDGs are also integrating in programming and budgeting mechanism, government of Nepal has included "the achievement of MDGs" as one of the project prioritization criteria in the budget preparation process.
United Nations Country Team (UNCT) coordination and progress toward UN Reform:
As part of harmonized business practices, UNDP, UNICEF and UNFPA continue to implement the Harmonized Approach to Cash Transfers (http://un.org.np/coordinationmechanism/hact).
Support to Disaster Risk Reduction
The Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium (http://www.un.org.np/nrrc) founded by UN agencies, UN/ISDR, the World Bank, Asian Development Bank and the IFRC in 2009 became operational in 2010 to build a more integrated response to Nepal's risk challenges. Collaboration around joint work plans in such areas as school retrofitting, community preparedness and emergency response support were developed and the Government has provided full engagement at the highest levels. The US Government and European Commission also joined in the Consortium in the final quarter of 2010 to increase in new resources for Nepal to address its risk agenda in 2011. Through the Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme, UNDP is supporting the strengthening of the capacity of government ministries and local government bodies for disaster risk management.
The UN Joint Programme - Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) has brought together UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNV and UNCDF contributions to the new programme. These agencies will also continue to implement the Harmonised Approach for Cash Transfer.
The joint programme is an integral part of LGCDP being subject to the wider programme's management, work planning and implementation arrangements. Within the join programme, UNDP in association with the other UN agencies will provide technical and capacity building support in three important areas such as empowering communities and community organisations to participate in local governance, enabling local body capacity building and enabling central government and national NGOs to support local governments.
UNDP and UNCDF
Partnership with the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) has helped UNDP to achieve results in promoting decentralization and good governance in Nepal. The UNCDF is playing a central role in developing the administration of performance-related grants for District Development Committees and extending this concept to the Village Development Committees. UNCDF and UNDP are working together in 75 districts. Progress on almost all the MDGs will benefit from local governments more effectively delivering education, health and other services. The decentralization of government is also a key factor for overcoming resentments that local needs are often ignored in plans and programmes made and implemented at central government level.
UNDP and UNV
The United Nations Volunteers (UNVs) programme has been providing operational and programmatic support to UN agencies in Nepal since 1974. In 2011 UNV continued to manage UN Volunteers for Nepal and to administer the sending of Nepali UN Volunteers abroad to serve in other countries. The UNV programme had 92 UN Volunteers working in Nepal in seven UN agencies (UNHCR, OHCHR, UNDP, UNRCPD, WFP, RC unit and UNICEF). In UNDP, UN Volunteers worked in peace-building, environment and HIV/AIDS prevention projects. Meanwhile, more than 100 Nepali nationals served as international UN Volunteers in various countries around the globe supporting peace and development.
In 2011 UNV continued working together with UNDP and five other UN agencies in the UN Joint Programme (LGCDP) to support the Government of Nepal for local governance and community development. One hundred national volunteers were placed in 48 District Development Committees (DDCs) and 52 municipalities through the government's National Development Volunteer Service (NDVS). These UNV funded NDVS volunteers supported local citizens, communities and marginalized groups to make local government bodies more accountable for providing quality services on time. In 2012 UNV will continue this programme in terms of supporting the capacity building and restructuring of NDVS.
UNV also deployed 25 Nepali female UN Volunteers to UNDP's Public Private Partnership Programme for Urban Environment project (PPPUE) in 2011, with funding from the Asian Development Bank and AusAID. These volunteers were trained and placed in DDCs and municipalities to enhance service delivery and small scale private sector participation in delivering services. Their contribution to the PPPUE scheme was very much appreciated at the community level.
Simplification and Harmonization
UNDP has played a crucial role in promoting simplification and harmonization through the provision of operational support and common services as well as operational practices and policies.
Notably, operational support is provided by the Inter-Agency Task Forces on human resources (HR), information technology (IT), procurement and finance to achieve common operational goals. For example, the HR Network has established a Consultants' Roster and the IT Task force negotiated a joint contract for EDP maintenance and repair for all the UN Agencies in Nepal. Operational support has been provided to the Resident Coordinator system by assisting newly arriving UN Agencies (OHCHR, OCHA, OPRSG, ODC and IOM) to set up offices. This includes both allotting space within the UN House as well as renting buildings outside. Most importantly, full fledged services are provided, ranging from technical backstopping to the actual procurement and set up of equipment necessary for fully functioning offices.
Newly harmonized practices include the Internal Messenger Service used by all UN Agencies in the UN House to deliver internal documents from one Agency to another, resulting in economies of scale. Two more new common services established since 2006, i.e. a joint contract for international courier services for the entire UN System in Nepal, and joint training for electrical maintenance and repair, strengthen the image of one UN in Nepal. Efficiency in procurement has been increased through a Joint Vendor data-base established by the UN Agencies for the purchase of office items available locally.
UNDP has also facilitated the harmonization of operational policies and practices. For example, UN agencies have been paying uniform DSA Rates to Government Counterparts. All UN Agencies observe the same holidays. It has also been agreed that all agencies working at the field level should harmonize their office hours.
There is a trend of establishing a joint UN Committee to carry out the Inter-Agency Salary Survey for National staff. The UN DSA Survey for UN Staff is done jointly by all UN Agencies, collecting data from various parts of the country.