A large number of organizations in the country—including government, non-government, private-sector and donor-funded projects—are presently engaged in the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) sub-sector. However, coordination among these TVET providers is yet to be strengthened and inconsistencies addressed in quality and reach of TVET opportunities, particularly in terms of increasing access to women and people from marginalized and disadvantaged groups.
Three attempts—in 1999, 2007 and 2012—were made for development and implementation of a coherent TVET policy in Nepal. On the first two occasions, the policy took the form of internal documents prepared by the Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT) with limited involvement of other concerned TVET stakeholders. The existing TVET Policy 2012, on the other hand, was prepared under the leadership of Ministry of Education (MoE) in collaboration with line ministries and the CTEVT. The 2012 policy however has been come under criticism for its inability to incorporate TVET sectoral issues, and calls have emerged to review and render the policy more comprehensive and effective in consultation with concerned stakeholders.
It is in this context that the Support to Knowledge and Lifelong Learning Skills (SKILLS) programme under UNDP was envisioned, working closely with the MoE and CTEVT to reform the TVET Policy 2012, so as to make provisions therein more practical and responsive to the present-day demands of the market. Through regular policy dialogues, SKILLS aims to create a policy review platform, assembling a wide range of stakeholders and experts, including representatives of line ministries, public organizations and the private sector, development partners and social organizations at local, provincial, and federal levels.
The Government of Nepal (GoN), MoE and UNDP thus signed an agreement on 6 April 2015 to initiate the SKILLS programme to support (i) TVET policy coherence involving public, private sector, organizations/donors in the reform of TVET Policy 2012; and (ii) to design monitoring and evaluation system for the quality assurance, knowledge management and networking as relates to the TVET sub-sector. MoE is the implementing partner and leading organization of the programme where as CTEVT has been vested with the role of regulating the TVET sector in Nepal. The programme is under National Implementation Modality (NIM) of UNDP.