Community Infrastructure and Livelihood Recovery Programme (LRP)
Assisted by the Government of Mauritius, the Community Infrastructure and Livelihood Recovery Programme (LRP) is an early recovery initiative of UNDP to support the people affected by the 2015 earthquakes. Hundreds of thousands of people, especially, in rural area, who were already living with limited access to public services, lost their jobs and livelihood options.
LRP carries a successful legacy of implementing an integrated community focused programme in three Tarai districts from 2009 to 2015. During this period, it empowered 27,202 ultra-poor and marginalized households of which 96% of the beneficiaries were women and 62% of them, disadvantaged Dalits.
LRP builds on its livelihood recovery experience in the Tarai and started working in five of the 14 worst earthquake-affected districts: Sindhupalchowk, Dolakha, Kavre, Nuwakot and Rasuwa. The earthquake was the most severe experienced by Nepal in the past 82 years. It caused substantive damage to community infrastructures and ruffled livelihood, triggering the risk of migration for several communities. Rehabilitation of community infrastructures and restoration of livelihoods are critical to provide livelihood opportunities and basic services to the people and assist their long-term recovery needs.
Work on the reconstruction of productive community infrastructures and implementation of livelihood promotion activities has generated short-term employment and empowered communities' resilience to disasters; ultimately preventing them from falling into poverty.
What have we accomplished so far
The Livelihood Recovery Programme (LRP), was scaled up and adapted to quickly respond to the earthquake in 2015 to restore and revitalize critical infrastructure damaged by the disaster.
- A total of 20,032 households benefitted with the completion of 81 vital and productive community infrastructures, including irrigation system, drinking water, community buildings, rural energy and micro hydro and rural roads. This includes 1138 female headed households and 881 households with people with disabilities (PWDs).
- Reconstruction of productive community infrastructures is being implemented on a cost-sharing basis. Though the earthquake has severely affected the communities, people contributed 14% of the total cost in the reconstruction of 81 community infrastructures. The reconstruction for recovery drive has generated over 7,346 person-days of employment on a cash for work model to the earthquake affected people. The beneficiaries include 41% women and 59% men.
- More than 11,314 households benefitted in 2015 through the community-led implementation of 54 livelihood promotion activities assisted to help restore people's livelihood assets. Livelihood activities include training to farmers, establishment of seed banks, enterprise promotion activities, input support for income generation and value chain and marketing approach development.
- LRP has imbibed gender equality and social inclusion at all levels of project implementation. The guidelines on community infrastructure, livelihood assistance and communication and reporting make it mandatory for implementing partners to pay special heed to women empowerment and social inclusion, including special attention paid to persons with disabilities, at every stage of decision-making.
- LRP has ensured that rehabilitation of community infrastructures and livelihood promotion activities are gender responsive that reduce women's drudgery and enhance livelihoods of the earthquake-affected communities.