Strengthening National Planning and Monitoring Capacity (SNPMC) Project is a joint undertaking of the Government of Nepal (GoN), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and DFID. SNPMC supports the National Planning Commission and under its aegis the Central Bureau of Statistics to strengthen their capacity to promote pro-poor and evidence-based planning and monitoring and evaluation based on a) improved generation of data and b) analysis of evidence of development issues and trends in Nepal.
Eighty-three percent of Nepal's population lives in rural areas. The lack of income-earning opportunities in these areas is a central cause of the widespread poverty and worsening food security in the country. It also forces ever more Nepalis to leave home to seek work in Nepal's towns and cities, in India and further afield. The sustainable development of Nepal's villages depends on generating many new local jobs, especially for the rapidly growing number of young job seekers. The Government's Three-Year Interim Plan (2010-2013) aimed at providing entrepreneurship development training to more than 56,000 due to its importance in removing a major grievance that fuelled the conflict - the lack of job opportunities in rural areas.
Following the successful completion of the second Constituent Assembly Elections in November 2013, building on the accomplished peace milestones, like the integration of the former combatants and clearing known minefields, as Nepal moves ahead to consolidate peace and development gains, the task of violence prevention and strengthening community security in a selection of districts, identified as “hotspots” demands due attention.
Support to Knowledge and Lifelong Learning Skills Programme (SKILLS) under United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is closely working with Ministry of Education (MoE) and Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT) in Nepal for reforming the TVET policy 2012 to make it more practical and timely as per the present demand. The collaboration among these concerned stakeholders is working to address the issue of skill requirements for maintaining international benchmark of skill standard and competency assessment.
Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) is a national programme with an over-arching goal to contribute towards poverty reduction through inclusive, responsive and accountable local governance and participatory community-led development. LGCDP is executed by the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development with technical and financial assistance of development partners. This is a national programme framework for improvement in local governance system and community development. LGCDP aims to strengthen both the demand and supply side of local governance.
In April 2008 Nepal held its first CA election since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2006 to elect a constituent assembly mandated to draft a new constitution. 2008 election were organized by the Election Commission of Nepal with significant assistance and technical support from the Electoral Assistance Office of the United Nations Mission in Nepal.
The transformational changes to its government that Nepal has embarked upon are massive. Thus far however, the focus has been on the political aspects of this transition, with less attention being given to the implications of federalization on the organization of public administration. However, recent developments show a more direct engagement with the bureaucracy in the debate on the restructuring of the state. While the political negotiations are ongoing, the government of Nepal has created a series of committees to ensure that public administration institutions are ready for the transformational change from a unitary to a federal system.
As Nepal continues to undergo a profound socio-economic and political transformation in order to meet the CPA and Constitution’s calls for peace, change and political and economic stability, Nepal’s ongoing peace process is anchored in the principles of democracy and access to justice as well as the fundamental human rights to equality, inclusion, and participation.
Since 2008 UNDP had been supporting the CA/LP in its task of participatory constitution-building, through the Support to Participatory Constitution-Building in Nepal (SPCBN) project. After promulgation of the new Constitution, the SPCBN project has been transformed into a more comprehensive parliament support project. It will provide general support to LP in order to strengthen its role as a law making, oversight body and representative of the people. The project will also focus on supporting the parliament in assuming a pro-active role in respect to early recovery, full recovery and equitable development.
The Strategic Plan Support Project (SPSP) is designed based on the requirements of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) as foreseen in the Strategic Plan of NHRC 2015 – 2020. The Project aims to address the pressing needs of the NHRC in terms of strengthening its organisational and substantive capacities and also aims to significantly contribute towards long-term sustainability of the institution and its capability to carry out the tasks set by itself in the Strategic Plan 2015 – 2020.
Nepal embarked on a peace process in 2006, ending a decade-long civil war. After nine years of alignment and realignment among political and ethnic power blocks as well as two elections of the Constituent Assembly (CA), the key milestone of promulgating a new constitution was achieved in September 2015. Overwhelmingly approved by the CA, the much awaited constitution ended years of uncertainty. However, it met a violent resistance by a number of ethnic communities and different other caste groups. The immediate reactions on the newly promulgated constitution coupled with political stalemate incurred heavy costs on the social fabric. The unrest and tensions left a deep and unprecedented polarization as the country prepares to implement the new charter with state restructuring provisions.
Despite the great increase over the past two decades in the number of households with access to electricity, still about 30% of Nepal’s total population does not have access (as of 2011). Population without access to electricity in rural area is 30 times more than that of urban area. Alongside this, in Nepal about 85% of total energy consumed comes from traditional biomass such as fuelwood, agricultural residues and cattle dung. This continued reliance on traditional resources depletes the forests of trees and farmers’ fields of natural fertilisers.
It is local communities in the developing world who are often the first to feel the effects of environmental degradation and climate change. The realisation that they are at the forefront of efforts to prevent and reverse damage to the environment led to the setting up of the Global Environment Facility's Small Grants Programme in 1992. The programme was started following the Rio Earth Summit and has so far given out 14,500 grants to local initiatives to conserve the environment in 125 developing countries.
The Nepal Climate Change Support Programme (NCCSP) is being started with the aim of ensuring the poorest and most vulnerable communities in Nepal are able to adapt to the effects of climate change. This is the first significant intervention on climate change adaptation in Nepal in line with the recommendation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). The programme document has been designed in close collaboration with Government of Nepal and stakeholders and has been closely aligned with the NAPA (2010) and the Three Year Plan (2010/11-2013/14). NCCSP will also be guided by the Climate Change Policy (2011) and National Framework on LAPA (2011).
Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project (CFGORRP) is a joint undertaking of the Government of Nepal, Global Environment Facility (GEF) and UNDP. The project is being implemented by the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE) as the lead implementing agency.
The Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme is strengthening the capacity for disaster risk management in line with the recommendations of the national strategy. It is building the capacity of government ministries and local bodies for disaster risk management. Gender, social inclusion and knowledge managment are addressed across all project activities.