Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) in mountain ecosystem in Nepal
Nepal’s national economy and people’s livelihoods largely depend on natural resources and ecosystems services. These are increasingly negatively influenced by the effects of climate change, including increased variability on water availability, extreme weather events and natural disasters. Drought, flood, glacial lake outburst floods, avalanches, landslides and forest fires are some climate related disasters that Nepal experiences. In response to this, the Government of Nepal’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and other national strategies and action plans have recognized that immediate actions are needed to minimize climate risks to society, economy and ecosystems. In line with NAPA and Government’s strategies, the Ecosystem based Adaptation Nepal (EbA) project aims to strengthen the resiliency of ecosystems within these countries and reduce the vulnerability of local communities with particular emphasis on mountain ecosystems...Read More
What have we accomplished so far
- In 2015, EBA in Nepal promoted opportunities for diversified livelihoods opportunities that protect ecosystems; water and land conservation, including production of non-timber forest products (NTFP);
- and ecotourism amongst the poor and vulnerable communities in the Panchase Mountain areas.
- EBA has renovated 11 conservation ponds and nine traditional water sources, benefiting 966 households and 4,955 people--enhancing ecosystem’s water recharge capacity and increasing water availability for drinking, as well as agriculture.
- EBA has planted approximately 4,500 multiple-use plants and distributed more than 26,000 seedlings of NTFP and multiple-use species of various species, conserving 20 hectares of land to control soil erosion, while utilizing open area, promoting greenery, and controlling open grazing.
- Land rehabilitation interventions such as gulley control, river bank conservation, river restoration and soil conservation through green belt establishment were carried out in 35 degraded and vulnerable sites of Panchase Mountains, conserving more than 50 hectares of land. This was aimed at reducing the vulnerability of local people suffering from climate-induced hazards such as landslides.