Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project (CFGORRP)

What is the project about

Imja Lake
One of the major objectives of the project is to reduce human and material losses from Glacier Lake Outburst Flooding (GLOF) arising from the Imja lake which is shown in this picture.

Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project (CFGORRP) is a joint undertaking of the Government of Nepal, Global Environment Facility (GEF) and UNDP. The project is being implemented by the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE) as the lead implementing agency.

The objective of CFGORRP is to reduce human and material losses from Glacier Lake Outburst Flooding (GLOF) in Solukhumbu district and catastrophic flooding events in the Terai and Churia Range. For achieving this objective, the Project has been streamlined into two main components. Component I (GLOF) is specifically aligned towards reducing GLOF risks arising from Imja Lake and Component II (Flood) aims to reduce human and material losses from recurrent flooding events in the four flood prone districts of Terai. Approximately 96,562 vulnerable people will directly benefit from this project.

The project’s working areas include Solukhumbu in the high mountain and Mahottari, Siraha, Saptari and Udaypur districts in the Terai. Altogether 8 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of these four districts, 3 river basins of the Ratu, Khando and Gagan, and 2 tributary basins of the Trijuga River, the Hadiya and Kong are the main project working areas under Component II.

What do we plan to accomplish

Component I - Reducing risk from Glacial Outburst Floods (GLOF)

Component one (Component I) has been envisioned to lower the Imja lake's level by at least 3 metres. For achieving this, key elements of the project include developing an artificial controlled drainage system combined with a community-based early warning system and strengthening of individual and institutional capacities for GLOF risk management. Therefore, the major activities encompass: installation of Automatic Data Logger near the drainage channel of Imja Lake, lake and channel monitoring and reporting by local community representatives; construction of artificial controlled drainage system for Imja Lake, designing of a practical, low-tech and gender-sensitive low-maintenance Community Based Early Warning System (CBEWS) and training in GLOF Risk Management, thereby institutionalizing GLOF knowledge at local level. It is also expected that by the end of the project, capacity of Sagarmatha National Park (SNP) Office on Imja, risk reduction measures and disaster risk management will have increased for disseminating information through SNP Information Centre at Namche to tourists and local people about GLOF risks.

2014 shall prioritize on preliminary design on lake lowering and channel structures, while the second year, 2015 will prioritize on the full-fledged construction and installation of controlled drainage and CBEWS. 2016 will prioritize on extensive monitoring and sharing of best practices and the year 2017 will be targeted towards handover of equipment to DHM and sustainability exercises.

At the national level, the project shall focus on strengthening DHM’s technical capacity for GLOF risk management, including the effective dissemination of hazard information from national to local disaster management committees. Thus, it is expected that by the end of the project, DHM will be operating a GLOF Risk Monitoring System and will have a mechanism in place to communicate GLOF risk warnings to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) and National Emergency Operation Center (NEOC).

Component II - Reducing human and material losses from recurrent flooding

The second component (Component II) has been envisioned to reduce human and material losses from recurrent flooding events in the 4 flood prone districts through locally-appropriate structural and non-structural measures and through the implementation of CBEWS. To achieve this, the key activities planned under the second component include: construction of 24 elevated tube wells in inundation-prone sites in at least 6 vulnerable VDCs, flood-proofing of drainage systems in 1 VDC in Ratu, training relevant district line agency representatives on flood risk management and installation of an effective CBEWS in consultation and participation with concerned local communities and representatives. By the end of the project, it is expected that at least 8 gender sensitive Village Disaster Management Plans will be prepared by Village Disaster Management Committees in the Tarai and Churia Range. It is also expected that the local level, institutions established at the community and district level will be functional and supportive to implement the project activities, contributing towards the overall sustainability of the project.

Who finances it

Amount contributed
Global Environment Facility - Least Developed Countries Fund (GEF-LDCF)
$6.3 m
UNDP $0.95 m
Total budget $7.25 million
Project Overview
Project duration:
2013 to 2017
Geographic coverage:
Five Districts : One in High Mountain and Four Districts in Terai
Focus Area:
Energy & Environment
Implementing partners:
Lead Agency: Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM)

Collaborating partners:
Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management (DSCWM)

Department of Water Induced Disaster Prevention (DWIDP)

Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation(DNPWC)
UNDP Focal Point:
Anupa Rimal Lamichhane
Climate Change Programme Analyst
UNDP, UN House
PO Box: 107, Pulchowk, Lalitpur
Tel: 00-977-1-5523200
Fax: 00-977-1-5523991
Project Focal Point:
Top B. Khatri
National Project Manager
Tel: 00-977-1-4248976
Fax: 00-977-1-4254890
Related Documents
Project Document