UNDP has been implementing the Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme (CDRMP) since 2011 as part of the Strategic Partnership Framework (SPF), signed between the Geneva-based Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (UNDP/BCPR) and UNDP Nepal and in accordance with the Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium. The programme aims to strengthen the institutional and legislative aspects of disaster risk management (DRM) in Nepal by building the capacities of the Ministry of Home Affaris (MoHA), the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development ( MoFALD), National Planning Commission (NPC), other partner ministries, departments and local governments as well as empowering vulnerable communities toward increased resilience.
CDRMP has been contributing to achieving the national goal of making the country disaster resilient. Its objectives have been aligned in line with UNDP's overall outcome and outputs which have been set jointly by UNDP Nepal and the Government of Nepal. It contributes to the UNDP Strategic Plan Outcome -"Countries are able to reduce the likelihood of conflict and lower the risk of natural disasters, including from climate change". The programme also contributes towards achieving Nepal’s United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF, 2013-2017) Outcome 7, which states: people living in areas vulnerable to climate change and disasters benefit from improved risk management and are more resilient to hazard-related shocks. More specifically, it contributes to achieve the following four outputs of the UNDAF:
UNDAF Output 7.1: Government officials at all levels have capacity to lead and implement systems and policies to effectively manage disaster risks
UNDAF Output 7.2 Urban Populations are better able to prepare for and manage hazard and climate change adaptation risk
UNDAF Output 7.3 Vulnerable populations have increased knowledge about disaster risk management and capacity for climate change adaptation and mitigation of risks
UNDAF Output 7.4 National preparedness and emergency systems are able to effectively prepare for and respond to hazard-related disaster
In order to contribute above outcome and related outputs, the programme comprises of five components as briefly mentioned below:
1. Institutional and Legislative System for DRM and Capacity Development: This component focuses on two aspects: i) support the GoN in formulating, amending and implementing policy and legal frameworks in coordination with the concerned government and non-government institutions; and ii) focus on enhancing the capacities of government officials as well as personnel from non-government organizations (NGOs), private companies and local communities. The two leading government training institutions are NASC and Local Development and Training Academy (LDTA). Both have been supporting CDRMP in building the capacities of government and other officials. Additionally, CDRMP has been mainstreaming D/CRM into academia through TU-CDES. (This component contributes to CPAP output 7.1).
2. National Building Codes (NBC) Implementation and Risk Sensitive Land Use Planning (RSLUP): Under this component, CDRMP aims to support the Kathmandu Valley Development Authority (KVDA) and the DUDBC for safer building construction practices in Kathmandu Valley municipalities and VDCs. It also supports policy revision and implementation. (This component contributes to CPAP output 7.2).
3. Integrated Climate Risk Management (ICRM): This component aims to enhance the capacities of local communities in responding to disaster and climate risks. It focuses on training local communities on the early warning system, search and rescue, and other social and technical aspects. It also promotes Climate Change (CC) Adaptation measures (i.e. income generation activities, plantations, etc.), and supports the implementation of community based disaster risk management plans (CBDRMPs) in coordination with NRRC Flagship 4 partners. (This component contributes to CPAP output 7.3).
4. Emergency Preparedness and Response and Early Recovery (EPRER): This component focuses on strengthening the national capacity for emergency preparedness, response and early recovery. It supports the GoN on policy and legal frameworks, enhances the capacity of first responders, builds a network of EOCs and focuses on early recovery network strengthening and ER capacity building initiatives. (This component contributes to CPAP output 7.4).
5. Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium Flagship 5 (F5): As the focal organization in supporting the facilitation of F5, UNDP has been working on different initiatives in coordination with NRRC consortium members and other stakeholders for policy and institutional strengthening on D/CRM. (This component contributes to CPAP output 7.1).
Crosscutting issues such as Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI), Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) and Knowledge Management & Communication have been integrated in all of the above components.