Despite the great increase over the past two decades in the number of households with access to electricity, still about 30% of Nepal’s total population does not have access (as of 2011). Population without access to electricity in rural area is 30 times more than that of urban area. Alongside this, in Nepal about 85% of total energy consumed comes from traditional biomass such as fuelwood, agricultural residues and cattle dung. This continued reliance on traditional resources depletes the forests of trees and farmers’ fields of natural fertilisers.
It is local communities in the developing world who are often the first to feel the effects of environmental degradation and climate change. The realisation that they are at the forefront of efforts to prevent and reverse damage to the environment led to the setting up of the Global Environment Facility's Small Grants Programme in 1992. The programme was started following the Rio Earth Summit and has so far given out 14,500 grants to local initiatives to conserve the environment in 125 developing countries.
The Nepal Climate Change Support Programme (NCCSP) is being started with the aim of ensuring the poorest and most vulnerable communities in Nepal are able to adapt to the effects of climate change. This is the first significant intervention on climate change adaptation in Nepal in line with the recommendation of the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA). The programme document has been designed in close collaboration with Government of Nepal and stakeholders and has been closely aligned with the NAPA (2010) and the Three Year Plan (2010/11-2013/14). NCCSP will also be guided by the Climate Change Policy (2011) and National Framework on LAPA (2011).
Community Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction Project (CFGORRP) is a joint undertaking of the Government of Nepal, Global Environment Facility (GEF) and UNDP. The project is being implemented by the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (MoSTE) as the lead implementing agency.
The Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Programme is strengthening the capacity for disaster risk management in line with the recommendations of the national strategy. It is building the capacity of government ministries and local bodies for disaster risk management. Gender, social inclusion and knowledge managment are addressed across all project activities.
Nepal’s national economy and people’s livelihoods largely depend on natural resources and ecosystems services. These are increasingly negatively influenced by the effects of climate change, including increased variability on water availability, extreme weather events and natural disasters. Drought, flood, glacial lake outburst floods, avalanches, landslides and forest fires are some climate related disasters that Nepal experiences. In response to this, the Government of Nepal’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and other national strategies and action plans have recognized that immediate actions are needed to minimize climate risks to society, economy and ecosystems.