Strengthening the Rule of Law and Human Rights Protection System in Nepal Programme (RoLHR)

What is the project about

As Nepal continues to undergo a profound socio-economic and political transformation in order to meet the CPA and Constitution’s calls for peace, change and political and economic stability, Nepal’s ongoing peace process is anchored in the principles of democracy and access to justice as well as the fundamental human rights to equality, inclusion, and participation.

Against this backdrop the ‘Strengthening the Rule of Law and Human Rights Protection System in Nepal' Programme (the RoLHR Programme) focuses on supporting systemic changes in national legislative, policy and institutional frameworks and structures and on delivering tangible results at the local level.

The Programme works in two primary areas to achieve its goals. First, it supports the rule of law institutions to be more responsive to demands for justice service delivery; that is improving the supply aspect of the justice sector. Second, it strives to augment the demand for justice service delivery by developing the capacity of vulnerable groups to access the rule of law institutions and assert and enjoy their human rights and entitlements.

To improve the administration of justice in Nepal, the Programme seeks to further strengthen communication, coordination and cooperation amongst justice sector institutions through establishing and strengthening justice sector coordination committee secretariat and support the development of core institutional capacities, as well as support for the law reform in line with international human rights standards and better implementation of protective and affirmative legislations in Nepal.

To enable vulnerable groups to access justice, the Programme supports the Ministry of Law, Justice, Constituent Assembly and Parliamentary Affairs (MoLJCAPA) to lead reforms in the legal aid regime of Nepal and establish an integrated legal aid system, which coordinates and regulates relevant, accessible socio-legal aid services throughout Nepal. By further enabling vulnerable groups to enjoy their right to legal aid services, the Programme will empower them to exercise their rights to poverty-reducing services such as inheritance, pensions, education allowances, health and legal services, and thereby address systemic inequality which is one of the root causes of conflict in Nepal.

To promote accountability for due process and human rights violations, the Programme will support the revision of various domestic legislation to ensure its compliance with international human rights instruments, including by supporting development of the institutional capacities needed to effectively implement such revised legislation. Further efforts to combat impunity includes support to the criminal justice system to increase its capacity to address transitional justice challenges and complement a future transitional justice mechanism.

What have we accomplished so far

The major accomplishments of the project so far are:

  • Modi's Jurisprudence Books provided to the National Judicial Academy for the training of newly appointed judges of District Courts

  • Field-based Mapping of the Socio-legal Aid requirements completed (led by Ministry of Law and Justice, Constituent Assembly and Parliamentary Affairs-MoLJCAPA); 'Operational Guidelines for SLACs developed' establishment of Socio-legal Aid Centres(SLAC) in five districts nearly completed

  • Conducted a 18 days' SPSS computer software training to 28 officials of Research Department of Supreme Court

  • Construction of Supreme Court's Physical Planning Division Completed and Justice Sector Coordination Committee Secretariat under construction

  • Supported Judgment Execution Directorate to develop training Manual, the manual now in the process of publication

  • Supported National Judicial Academy to develop 3 comprehensive 'Explanatory Notes' to the proposed Criminal Legislations of Nepal; the Notes already made public

  • Conducted field based Strategic Need Assessment for establishing Court Orientation and Information Desks at five district courts; the Desks in the process of establishment

  • As part of Affirmative Legal Education, launched an Internship Programme for 15 fresh lawyers to enable them as a competent law practitioner

  • Developed Guidelines for awarding Law Degree Scholarship to students from deprived communities and MoU with a Law School in the process

  • Published 5 knowledge products namely i) Legal Awareness Booklet ii) Legal Aid Manual iii) Brief Introduction of Ministry of Law,Justice, Constiuent Assembly and Parliamentary Affairs (MoLJCAPA)

  • Developed 2 TV PSAs and 3 Radio PSAs on Legal Aid for informing the larger public about their right to legal aid

  • Developed and broadcast 10 episodes of Radio Programme on various themes of Rule of Law from Radio Nepal (as of 31st Dec 2013) and the legal education programme continues

  • Conducted research and studies on seven areas namely (i) Developing a Research Methodology for Perception Survey on Judiciary (ii) Comprehensive study on 'In-Camera' hearing (iii) A Study on Strengthening Justice Sector Coordination Committee (JSCC) (iv) Developed a Communication Strategy of JSCC, (v) Review Study of Court-referred Mediation (vi) A Study on Judgment Execution System in Nepal and (vii) A Research Study to review the existing legal aid policy and develop a new national policy (led by MoLJCAPA); these studies involved extensive works and are expected to feed the future reform interventions in the respective areas.

  • Supported MoLJCAPA to develop a Manual on Treaty Drafting expected to enhance the capacities of the Ministerial officials involved in drafting treaties.

  • Capacity development initiatives for court and other key implementing partners accomplished, in which more than 1000 court officials were trained on various issues such as case management, judgment writing, judgment execution, among others.

Who Finances it?

Amount contributed
UNDP $2.5m
UNFPN $2.2m
Unfunded $12.87m
Total Budget(2013-2017) $24.09 million

Delivery in previous fiscal year

The project delivered USD 1.1 million out of 1.24 million budgeted for 2013. This makes approximately 88 percent delivery.

Project Overview
Project duration:
April 2013 to December 2017
Focus Area:
Democratic Governance
Implemented by:
Supreme Court of Nepal,
Ministry of Law and Justice, Constituent Assembly and Parliamentary Affairs (MoLJCAPA)
Responsible parties:
Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction,
Office of the Attorney General,
National Dalits Commission,
National Womens’ Commission,
National Judicial Academy,
Judicial Service Training Centre,
Nepal Bar Association
Cost Sharing Organisations:
Royal Norwegian Embassy
UNDP focal point:
Mr. Tek Tamata
Programme Analyst (Justice and Human Rights)
Governance Unit, UNDP
UN House, Pulchowk
P.O.Box 107 Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel: +977-1-5523200
Fax: +977-1-5523991
Project Focal Point:
Sanjay S Rana
National Programme Manager
Tel: 00-977-1-5010043
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