Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP)
What is the project about
Much progress was made in the 1990s on decentralising government to district and village levels to move away from the over-concentration of power in the capital city Kathmandu. The Local Self Governance Act, 1999 paved the way for planning and programme implmentation to be more accountable to local people and to put education, health and other services under greater local control. Since 1995, UNDP and the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) have helped build the capacity of local bodies and communities for self-governance. This support continued through the armed conflict (1996-2006) and was crucial for keeping up the momentum for local governance reform in spite of the absence of elected local government from 2002 and the disruptions of the conflict.
The Local Governance Community Development Programme (LGCDP) began in 2008 as the first nationwide integrated support programme for local government in Nepal. It is going ahead under the government leadership across all Nepal's District Development Committees, Village Development Committees and Municipalities. Three-quarters of the funding comes from the government of Nepal whilst 12 development partners provide financial and technical support. The programme is successfully providing a single channel through which donors direct their support for local governance.
Objectives of the Project
- LGCDP's objective is to reduce poverty by supporting inclusive , effective and accountable local governance and participatory community-led development through its five areas of work.
- Empowering citizens and communities for their active engagment with local governments and for strengthening downward accountability.
- Funding DDC, Municipality and VDC led local development.
- Developing the capacity of local governments to effectively deliver services.
- Providing policy support for decentralisation and local governance.
- Promoting gender equality and social inclusion in local government affairs.
The UN Joint Programme of Support to LGCDP began in 2009 to provide technical and capacity building support to the Minsitry of Local Development to implement LGCDP. UNDP administers this joint programme. The programme is facilitating more coordinated UN inputs from the six UN agencies through joint work plans, reveiws and field visits and the production of a single procurement plan for providing technical advice and other inputs.
What have we accomplished so far
In the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, local governments had lost infrastructure, systems and in some cases, the lives of civil servants. Yet in the case of disasters like the earthquake, the local government is on the frontline to deliver aid and coordinate the relief and reconstruction efforts.
- Through the Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP), funds were transferred immediately to the affected local governments; this was made possible by the project’s existing support to improve effective service delivery across Nepal.
- The quick release of funds enabled officers to undertake assessments, establish emergency systems and deliver financial aid to those who needed immediate relief. Also invaluable to the recovery phase are the Ward Citizens’ Forums established nationwide as part of UNDP’s work.
- In 2015, 41 percent of the Forum participants were women. Almost half of the Forum made development plans were approved by local government, which is in part due to UNDP’s advocacy for the engagement of marginalized voices to demand that development should best address their needs.
- The Ward Forums will be of particular use during the multi-year recovery of Nepal post-earthquake to ensure its equity, transparency and quality
Who Finances it?
|Government of Nepal||$575m|
|Asian Development Bank and 5 bilateral donors||$161m|
|Total Budget||$762 million|
Delivery in previous fiscal year