Conflict Prevention Programme (CPP)

The People’s Movement II and subsequent signing of the 2006 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) brought about historic changes in Nepali society. It also ushered Nepal into a complex transition, and bringing to the fore many political challenges as well as social and identity tensions.

Ensuring that this is a successful transition requires leaders to apply innovative approaches to complex problems and establish more collaborative relationship. The Conflict Prevention Programme (CPP) is designed to assist the Government of Nepal, and other key actors including political parties and civil society organizations, to find consensus on contentious transitional issues and avoid the escalation of political, resource or identity-related tensions. The CPP’s Collaborative Leadership and Dialogue (CLD) initiative seeks to foster consensus on contentious transitional issues, and prevent the escalation of socio-political tensions at both the national and local levels. The programme is also supporting the Government to develop a conflict Early Warning/ Early Response (EWER) system to address the emergence of localized tensions in timely and constructive manner. In addition, the CPP is assisting the Government and UN system to mainstream conflict sensitive approaches to their programming and policies...Read More

What have we accomplished so far

With CPP’s support, national and local leaders have used Collaborative Leadership and Dialogue (CLD) as tools to address divisive issues that could escalate into more serious tensions. As of November 2015, a total of 10 multi stakeholder dialogue fora were established to provide space for government officials, political party leaders and civil society actors to identify and discuss issues of differences in their respective regions. These dialogue mechanisms have successfully addressed nine political, resource and identity-based conflicts. The dialogue mechanisms separately developed 11 shared agendas to address conflicts of political nature. For instance, religious leaders, who have skills in CLD approach continue to address possible religious tension between Muslim and other communities as well as the local political and civil society leaders came together to address the tension between supporters of Tharuhat/Tharuwan and Undivided Far-West.

Under the Collaborative Leadership and Dialogue (CLD) initiative, UNDP convened a series of dialogues between senior media persons and second tier political leaders to identify key issues of political transition, and help each group understand the challenges of constitution writing. The Editors Forum, formed with the support of CLD, meets periodically to assess the role of media in giving a positive direction to the peace process, and to develop common grounds for consensus on key issues. This initiative has helped editors reflect on their role in peace process, and develop shared ideas of how they can contribute jointly to help political actors conclude the transition smoothly.

  • Supported facilitated dialogue between political leaders and Members of the Constituent Assembly to help build consensus and clarify their positions on contentious issues.
  • Trained civil society leaders, journalists, youth and women leaders on dialogue skills and collaborative leadership as well as on conflict sensitivity.
  • Conflict Sensitivity Pillar of CPP established and strengthened institutional mechanisms for mainstreaming Conflict Sensitivity. UN and Government officials are trained, resource materials developed as well as policy input and technical accompaniment are being provided.
  • With the technical support from CPP, all UNPFN-funded projects in Nepal were designed, budgeted and implemented in a conflict-sensitive manner.
  • Nepal Administrative Staff College (NASC) has integrated conflict sensitivity in different regular training courses for government officials. NASC and UNDP jointly developed training materials and deliver trainings to key trainers of different government training academies.
  • CPP supported MoPR to develop a policy paper on “Peace Sensitive Development Approach” in order to mainstream peace sensitive development approach in all government programs of Nepal.
  • With support from CPP, Local Development Training Academy (LDTA) has trained its key trainers on Conflict Sensitivity in Disaster Risk Management. A course module and training manual are developed to train local development officials from 14 earthquake affected districts.
  • CPP, in partnership with MoPR, has launched a conflict Early Warning Early Response (EWER) mechanism in four districts (Kanchanpur, Banke, Chitwan and Sunsari) as a pilot. Under EWER the Local Peace Committees (LPCs) and other local actors are trained to detect and analyze local conflicts as well as prepare for early response to the conflicts.
  • CPP supported in creating a national dialogue forum of senior political leaders on land issues, and has helped form regional land dialogue platforms through a consultative process.
  • In all these initiatives, CPP has made conscious efforts to address Gender Equity and Social Inclusion (GESI) concerns. It has ensured a quality participation of women and representatives of marginalized communities in its activities. With support from CPP, Women Security Pressure Group, umbrella group of women’s organizations, conducted research on gender-based violence (GBV) and organized series of dialogues with the Members of the Constituent Assembly (CA), senior government officials and journalists to help minimize GBV.

Latest Updates

  • Ambassadors and UNDP CD visit Nepalgunj

    UNDP Country Director along with Ambassadors of Norway, Denmark, the European Union and Switzerland to Nepal travelled to Nepalgunj on 13 February to take stock of development operational space in the region. more

Project Overview


Project duration:
2010 - 2017

Geographic coverage:
CPP’s five regional offices covering five Development Regions have two programme focus districts each. Regional offices are located in Biratnagar (East), Bharatpur (Central), Pokhara (West), Nepalgunj (Mid-West) and Dhangadhi (Far-West) and a sub-regional office is in Janakpur.

Focus Area:
Conflict Prevention and Social Cohesion

Implemented by:

Supported by:
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support (BPPS), UNDP and UN Peace Fund for Nepal (UNPFN)

Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR), Local Peace Committees, Nepal Administrative Staff College (NASC), Local Development Training Academy (LDTA)

Key Stakeholders:
Political party leaders, civil society representatives and Government officials

Project focal point:
Mr. Bishnu Sapkota
Project Manager a.i.
Conflict Prevention Programme, UNDP
Tara House, Sanepa,
Lalitpur, Nepal
Tel: 977-1-5528018 Ext. 212
Fax: 977-1- 5013055

UNDP focal point:
Ms. Archana Aryal
Programme Analyst
United Nations Development Programme
UN House, Pulchowk, Lalitpur
GPO Box 107, Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel: +977 15523200 ext 1537
Fax: +977 15523991, 15523986