Background


Following the successful completion of the second Constituent Assembly Elections in November 2013, building on the accomplished peace milestones, like the integration of the former combatants and clearing known minefields, as Nepal moves ahead to consolidate peace and development gains, the task of violence prevention and strengthening community security in a selection of districts, identified as “hotspots” demands due attention. At the national level, forging wider political consensus and drafting a new constitution within the stipulated time is a major challenge for the new Constituent Assembly. At the sub-national levels, ethnic and political tensions and rising levels of criminal violence are evident including in the Kathmandu valley, Terai districts, Eastern Hills and the Mid-Western Hills. Given this trend of violence and unresolved political contentions, vigilance with regards to the prospects of violence escalation is required. This calls for an increased support to the Government of Nepal in making a measurable reduction in the risks and incidence of armed violence in Nepal.

The Armed Violence Reduction and Strengthening Community Security (AVRSCS) project (2014-2016), jointly developed by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), aims to cater to this need with a five-pronged approach. The five key pillars of the project include:

  1. Enhancing national capacity to monitor and analyze armed violence;
  2. Strengthening national capacities to control SALW and enhance community security;
  3. Strengthening government-led coordination mechanisms to reduce armed violence;
  4. Enhancing community safety and security in priority districts; and
  5. Raising public awareness on armed violence reduction and prevention.

With the first pillar, the project aims at strengthening the capacity of national institutions to collect, monitor and analyze crime and violence data to inform preventive policing and development programming. The project’s second pillar aims to extend necessary support for the effective control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and the third one works towards strengthening government-led coordination to reduce armed violence. The two other components of the project focus on raising awareness on reduction of armed-violence, gender-based violence (GBV) and youth violence and supporting gender-responsive and conflict-responsive community security planning and implementation at the district and select VDC clusters in nine project districts (please see map).

The project is couched within the broader framework of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF 2013-2017), which structures all projects carried out with UN assistance under 10 unique outcomes that were discussed and agreed upon with the Government of Nepal.

AVRSCS strives to achieve UNDAF Outcome 9, which envisions that “national actors and institutions have managed conflict risk and are progressively consolidating the peace.” More specifically, the project is aligned with Output 9.3, which states “relevant actors at local and national levels implement policies, procedures and programmes to reduce armed violence and prevent conflict, with special attention to geographic hotspots” (see target districts).

Project Overview

Project Districts:
Morang, Saptari, Dhanusa, Bara, Parsa, Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kanchanpur

Project Period:
2014-2016

Implementing Partner:
Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of Nepal

Project Budget:
US$7,026,512

Funding Partners:
UNDP, UN Peace Fund Nepal

For more information:

Peace Building and Recovery Unit (PBRU)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
UNDP Annex IV, Karmachari Sanchayakosh Building (1st floor)
Pulchowk, Lalitpur, Nepal Tel: +977-1-5523200
Email: registry.np@undp.org
Web: www.np.undp.org