Nepal embarked on a peace process in 2006, ending a decade-long civil war. After nine years of alignment and realignment among political and ethnic power blocks as well as two elections of the Constituent Assembly (CA), the key milestone of promulgating a new constitution was achieved in September 2015. Overwhelmingly approved by the CA, the much awaited constitution ended years of uncertainty. However, it met a violent resistance by a number of ethnic communities and different other caste groups. The immediate reactions on the newly promulgated constitution coupled with political stalemate incurred heavy costs on the social fabric. The unrest and tensions left a deep and unprecedented polarization as the country prepares to implement the new charter with state restructuring provisions.