Democratic Transition

  • Social Cohesion and Democratic Participation Programme

    Nepal embarked on a peace process in 2006, ending a decade-long civil war. After nine years of alignment and realignment among political and ethnic power blocks as well as two elections of the Constituent Assembly (CA), the key milestone of promulgating a new constitution was achieved in September 2015. Overwhelmingly approved by the CA, the much awaited constitution ended years of uncertainty. However, it met a violent resistance by a number of ethnic communities and different other caste groups. The immediate reactions on the newly promulgated constitution coupled with political stalemate incurred heavy costs on the social fabric. The unrest and tensions left a deep and unprecedented polarization as the country prepares to implement the new charter with state restructuring provisions.

Closed Projects

  • Following the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Seven Party Alliance and CPN-Maoists on 21 November 2006, significant efforts have been made to rehabilitate former combatants of the “peoples’ war.” The CPA was followed by the Agreement on Monitoring of the Management of Arms and Armies (AMMAA), which outlined ways for monitoring arms and armed personnel.

  • Crisis Prevention and Recovery Support to Nepal

    The Crisis Prevention and Recovery Support to Nepal (CPRSN) project aims to provide support to UNDP Nepal in two phases, with the goal of strengthening the promising but still fragile peace process.

  • The writing of a new Constitution through the Constituent Assembly (CA) was a central pillar of the Comprehensive Peace Accord (CPA), which ended the decade long conflict in 2006. Subsequent elections to the CA have produced a diverse and inclusive body. Accommodating diverse sets of aspirations requires knowledge and expertise. In this context, the Support to Participatory Constitution Building in Nepal (SPCBN) aims to bring international expertise to assist the CA secretariat and Assembly members assess and reach important decisions.

  • Conflict Prevention Programme

    The People’s Movement II and subsequent signing of the 2006 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) brought about historic changes in Nepali society. It also ushered Nepal into a complex transition, and bringing to the fore many political challenges as well as social and identity tensions. Ensuring that this is a successful transition requires leaders to apply innovative approaches to complex problems and establish more collaborative relationship.