6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?

Target likely to be achieved

MDG 8 targets trade, stepping up aid, debt relief, ensuring decent work for all, and the mobilisation of international organisations and the private sector to find global solutions to common problems and to apply them locally.

Nepal relies heavily on official development assistance (ODA) to implement its development programmes and to reach the MDGs. In the past years, the Government and the donor community have engaged in a regular dialogue through the Nepal Development Forum mechanism.

The flow of foreign assistance to Nepal, inclusive of all bilateral and multilateral loans, grants and technical assistance, more than doubled between 2001/2002 and 2008/2009. Per capita foreign aid glows increased from NRs 621 in 2001/02 to Nrs 1,317 in 2008/09 (According to Ministry of Finance 2010).

Sectoral distribution of foreign aid shows that the share of foreign aid in the social sector has almost doubled since 2001/02, reaching nearly 68 per cent in 2008/09.

On Aid Effectiveness and harmonisation, the OECD DAC survey on Nepal published in March 2008 made recommendations on ways to align donor and government programmes more effectively. In September 2008 the Ministry of Finance participated in the 3rd High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra, contributing to the global review of the harmonisation efforts. In line with the aid effectiveness agenda, the UN system in Nepal is taking intensified steps towards harmonising its programmes with government systems - support to the sector-wide approaches on education and health being strong cases in point - and to further internal coordination and joint programming to lessen transaction costs of the Government.

On enhancing trade, Nepal passed an important milestone when it joined the World Trade Organisation in 2004. Nepal, like many other LDCs, remains vulnerable to global economic volatility due to its highly concentrated export trade. In line with WTO requirements, Nepal needs to put in place a coherent trade integration strategy to address constraints in the business environment, institutional inefficiencies, supply, demand and capacity issues.

MDG 8 also calls for developing decent and productive work for youth. To create jobs for the 300,000 young people entering the job market each year, partnerships with the private sector is vital to fight youth unemployment. Nepal also needs to secure bilateral agreements to ensure better protection for the many youth working abroad.

To deliver improved outcomes against health related MDGs, Nepal is a signatory of the International Health Partnership Plus, for which the first draft of the National Compact has been prepared. With the involvement of supporting partners, the compact seeks the intensification of free health care and motivating health workforce to scale up health services to ensure that health services reaches the unreached.

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population