6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

Goal and Likelihood of achievement

  1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger - Likely
    • Reduce exteme poverty by half - Likely
    • Full and productive employment for all - Potentially likely
    • Reduce extreme hunger - Likely

 

TARGET 1A. Between 1990 and 2015, halve the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.

Indicator

1990
2000
2005
2010
2013
2015 target
1.1. Percentage of population below USD 1 per day (ppp value)
33.54
n/a
24.1
19.7
16.4 a
17
1.2. Percentage of population below national poverty line
42
38
31
25.4
23.82
21
1.3. Poverty gap ratio at USD 1 per day (%)
n/a
11.75
7.55
6.1
5.60 b
-
1.4. Share of bottom quintile in national consumption
  7.6
6.2
-
8.3 c
-
 
Sources:
a- NPC (2011)
b- Poverty gap (2010)
c- http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/index.htm (2010)

 

TARGET 1B. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and youth.

Growth rate of GDP per person employed

1990
2000
2005
2010
2013
2015 target
Growth rate of GDP per person employed
n/a
n/a
1.4
1.59
n/a  
Employment to population ratio
n/a n/a n/a 81.73 a
82.20 b
 
Proportion of employed poeple living below USD 1 per day
n/a
n/a n/a 22
n/a 17
Proportion of own account and contributing family workers in total employment
  83.1
n/a 81.9 n/a  
 
Sources:
a-CBS (2008). (for people aged 15 years and above)
b- Employment (2011)

TARGET 1C. Between 1990 and 2015, halve the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.

Indicator

1990
2000
2005
2010
2013 a
2015 target
Prevalence of underweight children aged 6-59 months
57
53
43
38.6
28.8
29
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
49
47
40
22.5
15.7
25
Proportion of stunted children aged 6-59 months
57
53
n/a
49
40.5
30
 
Source
a- MoHP, New Era & ICF International (2011).

 

Priorities until 2015

Though the rate of poverty has gone down significantly, and the gap between the rich and the poor is narrowing, over 2.7 million people (23.82 percent) Nepal-is still live in abject poverty and, alarm-ingly, the rate of decline in urban poverty is slower than that in rural poverty. Also of concern is the fact that the economy is dependent on remittances and that, be-cause Nepal lacks a productive base, in-creasing the level of employment in the near future is virtually impossible.

The following themes should become primary priorities for the future:

  • Sustain and consolidate past achieve -ments in reducing poverty and hunger.
  • Reduce disparities in poverty and nutrition across regions and social groups by continuing to implement successful, targeted programmes and introducing new ones which build on past experience.
  • Invest in agriculture to increase food production and food security and reduce malnutrition. Encourage and support the modernisation of agriculture to make this sector attractive to educated youth.
  • Encourage and create an environment in which the private sector can take the lead in employment generation.
  • Encourage civil society organisations to engage in advocacy and other activities in which they have a comparative advantage.

 

 

1.17 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption