Seismic Retrofitting Guidelines of Buildings in Nepal: Compilation of Adobe, Masonry and RCC
Given that Nepal lies in a seismically-vulnerable area, prone to the kind of natural disaster that occurred in 2015, it is imperative that buildings are designed with seismic resilience in mind. However, many existing structures in the country have not been built to meet this criteria, violating even basic building codes, and thereby rendering settlements—particularly the core city areas—extremely susceptible to the effects of events like earthquakes.
Since it is deemed neither practical nor feasible to demolish all buildings and construct new ones in their place, a rather more realistic approach would involve strengthening them and upgrading their level of safety through retrofitting measures.
This compilation of three guidelines—related to adobe, masonry and reinforced cement concrete (RCC)—is based on Nepal’s own experiences with retrofitting and practices related to the same in other countries, and hopes to prove of use to professionals and authorities in Nepal in the task of performing seismic evaluations and retrofit designs.
A PDF version of the document can be downloaded form the link on the top right corner of this page.