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For the locals of the village of Gadhi in Surkhet, a UNDP-supported project designed to supply piped water to households through a locally-managed distribution system has completely altered their prospects, particularly that of women. Photo: UNDP Nepal

In depth

Nepal is highly vulnerable to natural disasters. Globally, it is ranked fourth, eleventh and thirtieth in terms of vulnerability to climate change, earthquake and flood risks respectively. More than 27,000 deaths – an average of more than two every day –occurred, and approximately five million people were affected due to natural disasters during the period of 1971-2007. As climate change impacts increase, Nepal’s vulnerability continues to grow. About 80 per cent of Nepal’s population lives in rural areas, and improving the resilience of the villages is crucial. Around 70 per cent of Nepal’s population depends upon agriculture and even slight changes in climatic conditions can have a major impact on their lives and livelihoods.

Nepal has a rich geography, with tall mountains spanning its northern border. But behind this beauty grave disaster risks lurk. Nepal has 20 of the 200 potentially dangerous glacial lakes. Three
of these lakes, the Tso Rolpa, Imja and Thulagi, are in critical condition and need immediate attention to reduce risk of outburst oods. The increased rate of glacial melting not only threatens mountain dwellers of Nepal but also a affects millions living along South Asian rivers and in the delta basin of Bangladesh. Such far-reaching consequences of climatic changes can undermine development and reverse development gains. Addressing current and future risks requires a comprehensive preparedness programme, including integration of preparedness in development programming—as well as a solid repository of disaster knowledge and trained human resources.

While enhancing resilience of communities, it is equally important to improve living standards so that they can adapt to changes in the environment better. Evidence shows that increasing access to energy has positive knock-on effect on efforts to reduce poverty.

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The ongoing partnership between UNDP Nepal and the Himalayan Consensus Institute was born of the…

The First National Climate Change Conference held at the scenic Gufadanda in Sindhupalchowk district…

Addressing world leaders at the United Nations General Assembly, the Prime Minister of Nepal urged…

Nepal needs to bring in more investment and accelerate progress towards meeting Agenda 2030,…

To help the journalists become more aware about the need for resilient reporting during disasters…

The Government of Nepal, UNDP and the UK have signed an agreement to support climate-vulnerable…

The flood-proofing drainage system in Nainhi in Mahottari built with support of UNDP, Government of…

Thanks to flood-control measures put in place with the support of UNDP, Government of Nepal and…

Embankments constructed by the Community-Based Flood and Glacial Lake Outburst Risk Reduction…

The Ghandruk Pure Water Factory, set up partly with the support of the Alternative Energy Promotion…

The introduction of rainwater harvesting in a village of Dailekh by the Nepal Climate Change Support…

Dil Bahadur and Bal Narsingh Kumal have managed to usher in transformational change in their…

With repeated natural calamities and earthquakes, Nepal is considered highly vulnerable to…

This assessment is part of Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness Programme and NAP-Ag Programme.…

This handbook has been prepared to support the skilled masons working to construct the earthquake…

This document has been prepared to clarify the roles and responsibilities of local government in the…

With repeated natural calamities and earthquakes, Nepal is considered highly vulnerable to…

This policy brief examines impacts of climate change on agriculture productivity and opportunities…

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