Nepal has a rich geography, with tall mountains spanning its northern border. But behind this beauty, grave disaster risks lurk. Globally, it is ranked fourth, eleventh and thirtieth in terms of vulnerability to climate change, earthquake and flood risks respectively. As climate change impacts increase, Nepal’s vulnerability continues to grow. About 80% of Nepal’s population lives in rural areas, and improving the resilience of the villages is crucial. Around 70%of Nepal’s population depends upon agriculture and even slight changes in climatic conditions can have a major impact on their lives and livelihoods.
Addressing current and future risks requires a comprehensive preparedness programme, including integration of preparedness in development programming—as well as a solid repository of disaster knowledge and trained human resources. While enhancing resilience of communities, it is equally important to improve living standards so that they can adapt to changes in the environment better. UNDP’s support is helping to mitigate and reduce the impact of these threats and provide the rural poor with clean renewable energy and environment friendly livelihoods. A key part of UNDP’s support across these areas is promoting pro-poor environmental management, risk reduction, and climate change adaptation at the national and local levels